Originally, an epidemic did not seem to have much to do with the baby’s supplies, but they had the same raw materials, and because of this, the maternal and infant industry was implicated. The recent "crazy" rise in propylene and other products in the chemical industry has also triggered more Thinking. The "diaper" crisis has recently appeared. The maternal and infant industry has continuously exposed news such as "diaper prices are rising and the stock will soon be out of stock". There are even more remarks by store owners, micro-businesses, and Moments that they are out of stock, allowing consumers to stock up quickly. A limerick spreading on the Internet is as follows:
The epidemic has changed the world, and masks have changed the health industry.
In a blink of an eye, the surface material of the sanitary napkin and diaper was gone. At first glance, it was in N95.
In a blink of an eye, the leak-proof side of the sanitary napkin and diaper was gone, and at a glance, it was in the flat mask.
In a blink of an eye, the sanitary napkin and diaper bottom film disappeared, and at a glance, it was in the protective clothing.
In a blink of an eye, the absorbent body of sanitary napkins and diapers disappeared. At a glance, the number of Americans diagnosed is still increasing.
2020, the hygiene industry, withstand the pressure, only be strong!
Why did the maternal and infant industry report the news of the price increase of diapers? How does this relate to current medical protective equipment?
1. Material structure of diapers
Diapers generally consist of three main parts, namely the inner surface layer, the absorbent core layer and the base fabric. The inner surface layer directly touches the baby's skin, which requires both softness and no damage to the skin, as well as dryness. At present, the diapers on the domestic market are basically non-woven fabric surface layers, and the breathable non-woven fabric can improve the degree of air permeability inside the diaper. The absorbent core layer is the core of the whole piece of diapers. It can quickly absorb urine, disperse urine or diffuse it into the entire core layer through capillary action, and finally absorb and store urine. The absorbent core layer of diapers is mainly composed of pure wood pulp (fluff pulp) and polymer water-absorbing resin (SAP) in a layered structure. The base fabric is the layer with patterns wrapped around the diapers. The base fabric material is generally PE breathable film or non-woven fabric, which feels more comfortable.
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2. Mask material structure
The most important part of a mask is the fabric of the mask. The fabric is generally composed of a surface layer, a filter layer and an inner layer. In simple terms, ordinary medical masks (SMS) on the market are generally composed of a spunbonded non-woven fabric surface layer, a meltblown fabric filter layer, and a spunbonded non-woven fabric layer. The three-dimensional cup-shaped mask is generally composed of a polyester needle-punched cotton surface layer, a meltblown cloth filter layer, and a needle-punched cotton or non-woven fabric layer. According to the difference in particle filtration efficiency (PFE), the model of the mask is divided, and the melt blown cloth as the filter layer plays a filtering role in the mask.
In addition to meltblown fabrics, polyester non-woven fabrics are also used in masks. According to the raw materials and their proportions for the production of a certain domestic mask project, it can be seen that the weight of polyester cloth can reach 74%, and the weight of PP meltblown cloth and PP filter material accounts for about 22%. Of course, the raw and auxiliary materials required for different types of masks are quite different. For example, the content of the filter layer used in N95 is relatively high.
Through the above comparison, we will find that diapers are usually divided into three layers: ordinary cotton non-woven fabric on the surface (skin-friendly layer), polymer water-absorbing resin (water-absorbing layer), and PE film non-woven fabric on the bottom (waterproof layer). The composition of these raw materials does have some of the same raw materials as masks. In this sense, the epidemic will have a certain impact on the diaper industry. Due to the development of the global epidemic, the demand for masks has risen sharply, and the technical difficulty and profit level of mask production are obviously superior. Therefore, many raw material manufacturers are more seeking to produce high-return products.
Suntech's smart mask machine, meltblown machine, and spunbonded non-woven fabric machine help the production of non-woven fabrics and masks, fight the epidemic with "intelligent manufacturing" technology, and curb price increases.
The price of core raw materials has risen, driving up the upstream raw materials
Due to the rapid increase in the price of raw materials for mask production, such as meltblown cloth and non-woven fabrics, more raw material manufacturers have switched to intermediate materials that are most in demand at the moment. Take masks and new material melt blown cloth as examples. Affected by the epidemic, the original melt blown cloth of only 20,000 yuan per ton has risen to more than 400,000 yuan per ton. Subsequently, the state vigorously increased the production capacity of meltblown cloth on the one hand, and on the other hand strictly investigated illegal acts of driving up prices. By the end of March, the melt blown cloth had fallen to about 150,000 yuan per ton. Recently, in the context of more severe epidemics abroad, domestic meltblown cloth prices have recently ushered in a second round of increases after adjustments made some time ago. According to statistics from institutions a few days ago, from 21 manufacturers of melt blown cloth in 11 provinces such as Shandong, Tianjin, Hebei and Henan, the highest price of melt blown cloth is 500,000/ton and the lowest price is 430,000/ Ton, the average price is 470,000/ton, and the lower 150,000/ton has more than doubled.
As the upstream materials of epidemic prevention materials such as meltblown fabrics and non-woven fabrics, PP materials and the upstream propylene materials of PP materials have seen a significant increase in recent days. According to the monitoring data of Zhuo Chuang Information. Last weekend, April 11-12, Shandong propylene companies' quotations increased by 1,000-1100 yuan/ton on the 11th and 500-5,000 yuan/ton on the 12th. Among them, on the 11th, each factory's quotation rate increased uniformly, while on the 12th, the rate of increase was somewhat different, ranging from 7,400 yuan/ton, 8,000 yuan/ton, and 12,000 yuan/ton. The magnitude of the increase exceeded all market participants' expectations.
In the past quarter, affected by epidemic factors and crude oil price wars, the prices of organic chemicals have fallen sharply. The largest decline in the organic chemical index of Zhuo Chuang Information is 32%. After entering April, the prices of chemical products have stopped falling and rebounded. Products related to anti-epidemic materials such as PP, PE, and isopropanol are the main drivers of price increases.
The epidemic is not over yet, and the demand for epidemic prevention materials has increased significantly
As China’s epidemic was brought under control earlier, China’s huge manufacturing capacity was released, and it is now contributing to the world’s manufacturing capabilities in China. At present, the number of Nissan masks in Guangzhou City has increased from 600,000 at the beginning to over 23 million, an increase of 37 times; Nissan has over 95,000 protective clothing and 135,000 hand-held forehead thermometers. A total of 238 million masks, 692,000 pieces of protective clothing, 227,000 pieces of disposable surgical gowns, and 543,000 pieces of forehead temperature guns have been deployed. The national and provincial allocations of 45.22 million masks and 304,000 pieces of protective clothing have been completed.
At a regular press conference of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on April 10, Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said, “From March 1 to April 4, China exported 10.2 billion yuan of major epidemic prevention materials, mainly including about 3.86 billion masks. There are 37.52 million protective suits, 2.41 million infrared thermometers, 16,000 ventilators, 2.84 million boxes of new coronavirus detection reagents, and 8.41 million pairs of goggles."
The global epidemic is still serious, and the most severe moment has yet to come. India has a total of more than 27 million confirmed cases and more than 300,000 deaths. There are nearly 580,000 confirmed cases of new coronary pneumonia in the United States. The cumulative number of confirmed cases worldwide has reached 168 million, of which nearly 3.5 million have died globally.
The current price increase of basic raw materials for masks, protective clothing, and disinfectant materials, such as PP, propylene, and isopropanol, is due to the increase in demand and the problem of insufficient supply. The price increase is not only caused by the imbalance of supply and demand, but the imbalance of the structure of supply and demand is also a major factor, and the panic has worsened the price change.
Under the circumstance that the total production capacity remains unchanged, the production of basic materials for epidemic prevention by manufacturers will inevitably reduce the supply of other products. As a result, the price of raw materials such as diapers and sanitary napkins has risen. "The rumors stop at the wise", including the previous "food shortage problem" and the current "diaper price increase", etc., all have panic, but there is also a problem of contradiction between supply and demand in their fundamentals.
Suntech has been deeply involved in the field of sanitation and health intelligent machinery for 50 years. The non-woven machines, mask machines, and diapers developed and produced by Suntech are known overseas for their accuracy, speed, efficiency and intelligence, and help non-woven fabrics and diapers with "precision manufacturing". Production, ease the pressure of supply and demand, stabilize international prices, and contribute to the fight against the epidemic. Welcome to inquire in detail.